CHAPTER NINE - Sound Practice and Theory in Internet Broadcasting and Podcasting
How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank!
Here will we sit, and let the sounds of music
Creep in our ears; soft stillness and the night
Become the touches of sweet harmony.
(The Merchant of Venice (1596-8) act 5, sc. 1, l. 54)
Tim Crook reading an extract from Chapter Nine. The recording runs from pages 186 to 191 of the published text.
Pages 186 to 187
The Internet and World Wide Web have revolutionised the nature of audio/radio broadcasting.
By having no terrestrial and digital transmission licensing borders in terms of regulation, the Internet
means that anyone can launch and run an Internet radio/audio with modest costs.
For example the Goldsmiths, University of London student radio station Wired broadcasts online more than it does by FM.
Online and podcasting is a method of successful and high profit media commerce. Monocle Radio is the audio companion to the lifestyle magazine 'Monocle' launched in 2007.
The monocle audio operation began as a weekly podcast and is now 24 hours.
The web design and quality of sound production/journalism communicates professionalism and as a result the publication claims podcast downloads in their millions.
'Art International Radio is an internet radio station based in the Clocktower in lower Manhattan, a building famous for having been at the centre of New York’s art scene in the 1970s and 1980s. At the helm is Alanna Heiss, who’s been at the forefront of contemporary art in New York City for decades and was the founder of PS1, a centre for art in Queens that’s now part of the Museum of Modern Art. AIR broadcasts art-related talk and interviews as well as an eclectic range of music, and experiments with radio theatre and more ambitious sound-based extensions of art projects. Monocle visited the headquarters to see the operation in action.'
'Founded in 2004, COLOURFUL was one of the first internet streaming radio stations in the UK. Having acquired both commercial UK-wide and London-wide DAB digital radio and digital satellite licences in the same year, the station sought to achieve broadcast radio listenership and credibility but in the absence of commercial radio space on both analogue (FM and AM) and DAB platforms, COLOURFUL was forced to launch on Satellite on Tuesday 30th May 2006 as a speech only service.
In 2008, COLOURFUL gained terrestrial DAB digital radio space across London. The station went live on the platform on Monday 2nd March 2009 with the refined format of Adult Urban Contemporary - blending ‘old skool to new cool soulful music alongside speech. Our DAB digital radio platform covers the Greater London area reaching over 10 million people.
COLOURFUL is fronted by a blend of new voices and faces alongside well-known experienced and entertaining presenters, journalists, disc jockeys some having left the big commercial players to join this small, though nimble, outfit.'
It utilizes the podcast option for listeners who want to catch up with programmes missed or a listen-again experience. An example of how this operates is the page for the successful morning 'Breakfast with Bonsu and Juju' Two intelligent and entertaining broadcasters who connect with London's melting pot Metropolis and urban culture.
The Guardian newspaper's embracement of 'new media' has involved a highly acclaimed and much respected development of audio podcasting and use of audio-slideshow . One of its key producers is Francesca Panetta, a former BBC radio producer who is also the lynchpin of the community podcasting website the Hackney Podcast.
The Guardian's audio podcast on Peterloo by Francesca Panetta and Tim Hinman gained a Sony Award nomination in 2012.
'When on 16 August 1819 over 60,000 people gathered in St Peter's Fields, Manchester, to demand parliamentary reform, the army charged the crowd – killing some 11 people and injuring up to 700. A Times reporter had been arrested, so a young cotton merchant and part-time journalist, John Edward Taylor, stepped in to file a report. "Peterloo" – as it was dubbed – became a national scandal, convincing Taylor that the city needed a new liberal voice. Two years later, on 5 May 1821, he founded the Manchester Guardian.'
Andy Bull's Multimedia Journalism is an excellent textbook published by Routledge with a sophisticated and comprehensive companion web site.
The key chapters to consult are Chapter 4: Audio and podcasting, Chapter 10: Still pictures and audio, and Chapter 16: Editing and presenting audio and video news bulletin and longer magazine-style programming.
By buying the book you can register and login for the companion web site materials that are continually being updated and added to.
The Radiocracy conference in Cardiff 2000 resulted in the publication of a special edition of The International Journal of cultural Studies. The abstract to Dr. Martin Spinelli's journal article is available online. Dr. Spinelli was responsible for the comprehensive, creative and outstanding documentary series exploring radio and poetry 'Radio, Radio' all the episodes of which are available on ubuweb- 'a large web-based educational resource for avant-garde material available on the internet, founded in 1996 by poet Kenneth Goldsmith' and which offers visual, concrete and sound poetry, expanding to include film and sound art mp3 archives.'
'This is the story of a courageous group of young people living under Milosevic's repressive rule who waged a ten year battle for freedom, armed only with a radio transmitter, some rock'n'roll records, and a dream of truth, justice and another kind of life. They called themselves Serbia's 'lost generation'; the government called them traitors, spies and terrorists. Despite police raids and state censorship, they refused to be defeated, and kept on broadcasting their message. This is Serbia Calling chronicles a decade (1990-2000) in which B92, an extraordinary radio station, through its use of rock music, email and the Internet, kept alive the voices of dissent. The book ends with the fall of Milosevic and B92 going back on air.'
It is now styled as 'podcasting since september 2004, dawn miceli and drew domkus, two ex gutter punks who fall in love, buy a retired farm in wisconsin (then move to costa rica (and back)) and tell the world their dirty secrets... always profane, rarely profound. We hope to get 2-3 shows out per week, but with dawn now being a rockstar with Rasputina, that's not always possible.'